Effect of magnetic iron(III) oxide particle addition with MWCNTs in kenaf fibre-reinforced epoxy composite shielding material in ‘E’, ‘F’, ‘I’ and ‘J’ band microwave frequencies
Materials Research Express
Mechanically toughened electromagnetic shielding composite material was prepared with MWCNTs and Iron(III) oxide nano particles. The principal aim of this research work is explicating the advantage of magnetic particle addition along with conductive MWCNTs in EMW shielding. The kenaf fibre, MWCNTs and Iron(III) oxide particles were surface-treated by APTMS for effective dispersion and adhesion on matrix medium. The EM wave shielding composites were prepared using hand layup method. The mechanical results shows addition of kenaf fibre increased the tensile, flexural and impact properties. Similarly additions of MWCNTs and iron(III) oxide particles increased the electrical permittivity and magnetic permeability of epoxy matrix. The hysteresis graphs showed improved magnetization and retentivity in epoxy composites. The maximum EM wave shielding effectiveness of 82.5% (14.5 dB) was observed for composite designation ‘E’ in J band microwave frequency. The SEM images showed improved adhesion of fibre and dispersion of particle in epoxy matrix.